Kani Xulam   Oct 6, 2015 The year was 249 BC. Rome was snarled in its First Punic War against mighty Carthage. One of the two Roman consuls for the year, Publius Claudius Pulcher, thirsted for “glory” and wanted to humiliate the great Carthaginian naval power. The fact that Romans were new to seafaring and… Continue reading

By KANI XULAM 5/12/2013 “He that once enters at a tyrant’s door becomes a slave, though he were free before.” Sophocles To be sure, Jeladet Ali Bedir Xan (hereafter Jeladet) was not the one who entered the tyrant’s door. His grandfather Mir Bedir Xan did in 1847. He was the hereditary ruler of Botan, a… Continue reading